A Curriculum Vitae is different from a resumé. Let’s start with that.

A CV is a comprehensive history of your professional life while a resumé is a summary of you – your info, work details and general interests and affiliations.

You’d need a CV to apply for a job so your prospective employer can get a better idea of who you are and how you work based on where you have worked at, and what you have done in those stints, among other things.

A resumé is for some other types of jobs wherein details of your professional life wouldn’t matter as much. If someone’s introducing you as a Resource Speaker at a seminar, lengthy details of your recent stint at a company is not necessary. If a homeowners’ organization required your details as their President, a resumé would suffice.

Going back to your CV – it should accurately represent who you are. And how, you ask?


Your Details

Every page should have your name and contact details. All these could fit as a header of every page.

You don’t want companies throwing away the second page of your printed CV, if they had already lost the first page with contact details, only because the seco

nd page doesn’t contain your contact info. It’s always a good idea to have your details on every page so employers could call you or email you even if they only have one page lying around. Recruiters should always staple printed CVs together but this doesn’t always happen.

Contact details are your mobile number/s, home number and your professional email address – professional being the keyword here. Leave your gaming or flirty emails for other purposes. And use your own, not your husband’s, not your business’ email.

And your CV (or resumé or bio data or any online information) should not contain your important personal information – banking info, social security, dog’s name, mother’s maiden name and other pertinent particulars about you if you don’t want hackers getting into your bank accounts. Be mindful as anyone and everyone can assume your identity. Having said this, do not include your full physical address on your CV. Town/City would be enough. Companies would just want to know the commute/ travel you’d have to take by taking you on so a general idea where you live is enough. (If you permanently live elsewhere but are renting near or within the area where you wish to work, put your Permanent and Temporary Address.)

Other Pertinent Details

You don’t need these:

  • Picture
  • Gender
  • Birthday
  • Nationality
  • Marital Status

Unless there are specific roles that the above are needed. Don’t give Recruiters a chance to filter your CV with these info.

But these are needed:

  • Availability for work / Notice Period
  • Availability to attend an interview
  • Willingness to relocate
  • Willingness to carry out field work
  • Willingness to travel

Education and Qualifications

Your Tertiary – Bachelors / Associate / Diploma Degree will be wanted by your prospective employer. Note whether you have completed your studies as sometimes some candidates let companies assume that the degree / course was finished though it’s pending or incomplete. Other studies, Masters and/or Doctorate are of course must-haves to detail as well. Senior High / Highschool and Primary school info can be included.

It goes without saying that you should include your license as a professional in a field of study. Anyways, your name should have all the acronyms it should have.. Also, include the year you qualified. Some are proud to also say they qualified on the first try – so that’s something to add should you feel the need to.


What are you good at? What value will you bring to the company? Are you qualified to work our system? Is it worth me interviewing you? – are some questions employers are thinking while looking at your CV so better give them a glimpse of how skillful / awesome you are.

Languages – Most people are, at least, bilinguals now. Aside from the rise of interest in learning a new language, other countries’ ways or a different culture, there have also been a rise in ways on how to learn another language.. Make sure to say how much you know about a particular language though. For example:
Native / Mother/Father Tongue – if it’s your first language or arterial language (L1)
Fluent – if you know and speak the language very well
And other variations how you could comfortably describe your knowledge of a language (basic, etc.)

Tech / IT / Systems / Servers / Software / Programs – some roles are specific to the know-how of a candidate to use or manipulate specific tools to aid the work so info about one’s computer literacy, or similar, is a must to include.


Have you maybe brought in P10M revenue in only two weeks? Have you gotten your company ten clients in a span of a month? Were you a consistent Employee of the Year? Did you successfully launch five campaigns in a year? What you have done that others have not is basically what this part is all about.


This part has to have a detailed description of your employment history – without your reasons for leaving each employer and without salary / compensation details. You could provide those at your discretion during interview.

The most important for Recruiters in this section are your most recent roles and the roles similar to what you are applying for. They will also look at dates – when you have started, when you left and the in-betweens: employment gaps.

Hiring Managers will take note of what you have done / are doing in projects you have listed on your CV. Have you created or helped create? Did you collaborate on or single-handedly conceptualized a project? Did you launch or assisted in launching? Accurately describe what you do / have done at work to get questions during interview that you could answer.

Other Stuff

If there are Training and Seminars you wish to add on your CV, create a section before or after your work history, depending on how important those training and/or seminars are.

Hobbies and interests can be included as another section on your CV as well to let Recruiters have an idea of your personality. We all want to relate with something or someone and letting other people know what you are passionate about would help.

References are not necessary. Not yet, at least, so don’t go around letting everyone know the number of your boss. He/She might not appreciate this.


The contents of your CV is one story, how it’s formatted is another. Consider font styles, font sizes, indents and other formatting when writing your CV. After all, your CV is a representation that should be properly presented.
Some tips:
Stay away from unintelligible and unprofessional font styles.
Have proper spacing. Don’t get your CV too crammed with info but also be careful not to make it looking almost blank with huge spaces in between lines.
Have dates / job titles / general info aligned. Follow uniform formatting as well.

With all these general tips you can edit your CV smartly now. A well-prepared CV can do wonders in aiding your application efforts to a better job. It would help if you think like a hiring manager. As an employer, what would you like to see in a person’s CV before making that call to invite a candidate for interview?

Getting your CV right is the first step to actively work on your career. Knowing the Top Interview Questions and How to Answer Them is another story.

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